Outdoor

What to do if a snake bites you


Tips to know what to do if a snake bites you while hiking or mountain bike ride.

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If you are about to venture into a nice walk in the mountains thinking about stopping for a few hours, Maybe for a picnic in the Sun, It is useful to have in your backpack a tourniquet, Dell ’ peroxide and elastic bandages; If in fact you get points from a Viper these objects will be needed to save the person. In fact, in the case of honour, it's of a Viper (the most common is the vipera Aspis) You can avoid prolonging the spreading of the poison in the body by binding with the tourniquet (or with a compre) la parte superiore, about 5/10 cm from the wound, blocking the lymphatic and venous circulation (don't block the arterial circulation, leaving a space below the finger tourniquet), then wash the wound with hydrogen peroxide or with plain water and press the affected area in order to get the greatest possible quantity of poison. Check if the swelling goes up the wrapping, then tie a 5/10 cm higher and remove the previous bandage.

The gravity of the situation varies depending on the amount of venom injected and the point where it is bitten; the most dangerous are the neck and head, less dangerous bites to the limbs.

The bite of a Viper has two small holes, about a cantimetro from which bleeding, surrounded by a red Halo. The area of the bite becomes Livid, swollen and sore and after about a ’ now you can submit chills, sweat, pallor, vomiting, diarrhea and in some cases, difficulty breathing; in severe cases somnolence before entering into a coma.

Before these symptoms you can intervene in the manner previously explained, keeping calm person and especially l ’ bite limb must avoid any movement so as not to put the poison in the bloodstream quickly and make sure that the affected area is always lower than the heart.

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Must not affect the wound, Neither suck the blood because the poison enters the circle especially lymphatic and very little through the blood, In addition sucking the poison can be absorbed by the mucous membranes of the mouth by small injuries. If the interssata is the neck, the head or trunk, where you can't tighten with a headband, you have to apply a patch around the bite to delay the ’ entry into the circle of poison.

In any case it is very important to thoroughly wash the wound, bandage with a clean garment, better a sterile gauze.

Vipera aspis